Similar provisions were adopted in Louisiana. It wass enacted by the civil code that the master shall be answerable for all the damages occasioned by an offense or quasi offense committed by his slave. He could, however, discharge himself from such responsibility by abandoning the slave to the person injured; in which case such person shall sell such slave at public auction in the usual form; to obtain payment of the damages and costs; and the balance, if any, shall be returned to the master of the slave, who shall be completely discharged, although the price of the slave should not be sufficient to pay the whole amount of the damages and costs; provided that the master shall make abandonment within three days after the judgment awarding such damages, shall have been rendered; provided also that it shall not be proved that the crime or offense was committed by his order, for in such cases the master shall be answerable for all damages resulting therefrom, whatever be the amount, without being admitted to the benefit of abandonment.
The owner of an animal is answerable for the damages he has caused; but if the animal had been lost, or had strayed more than a day, he may discharge himself from this responsibility, by abandoning him to the person who has sustained the injury, except where the master has turned loose a dangerous or noxious animal, for then he must pay for all the harm he has done, without being allowed, to make the abandonment.
ABANDONMENT, malicious. The act of a husband or wife, who leaves his or her consort willfully, and with an intention of causing perpetual separation.
Such abandonment, when it has continued the length of time required by the local statutes, is sufficient cause for a divorce.
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English-Chinese law dictionary (法律英汉双解大词典). 2013.